Immunization

Vaccine Finance

Federal funding for vaccines can be grouped into two programs: the Vaccines for Children program (VFC) and the Section 317 Immunization Grant Program (linked below).

VFC provides funding for the purchase of vaccines for Medicaid-eligible children, uninsured children, Native Americans and Alaska Natives, and underinsured children who receive vaccines at rural health clinics or other federally qualified health centers. Children covered under the VFC program receive vaccinations for free at the point of service.

Section 317 grants provide funding for the purchase of vaccine for children, adolescents, and adults who would otherwise not have access to immunizations. The grants also fund related infrastructure programs, such as immunization education and disease surveillance.

A number of states have additional programs to support the provision of vaccines to children, such as insurance mandates to require coverage of immunizations by private insurers.