Infectious Disease

Digging Deeper Into Legionnaires’ Disease Guidance Needs for State and Territorial Health Agencies

August 26, 2021

As a follow-up to a 2019 report, ASTHO conducted key informant interviews with five state health agencies to better understand key topics. Targeted areas of discussion were the overall structure of Legionnaires’ disease programs, diagnosis and clinical testing protocols, surveillance and reporting, outbreak and response, water management programs and prevention, and risk communication. This report shares results and key takeaways from these interviews, including notable challenges.Read More »

Partner Coordination Efforts to Strengthen Infection Prevention and Control Practices

April 09, 2021

In the United States, public health, healthcare, and long-term care facilities across the nation have faced staffing, testing, and personal protective equipment resource capacity challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result, some facilities have faced challenges with infection prevention and control, increasing their vulnerability to COVID-19 and other disease outbreaks. This report highlights examples of health department partnership coordination strategies to enhance surveillance, increase resource and staffing capacity, and improve communication and collaboration in order to strengthen infection prevention and control practices during the COVID-19 response.Read More »

Legal Challenges to State COVID-19 Orders

October 20, 2020

In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, state and territorial executive officials have issued declarations and orders aimed at mitigating the impact of the coronavirus. Across the country, these executive actions—including stay-at-home orders, public gathering limits, and emergency declarations—are being challenged in courts as violating constitutional and statutory provisions. This report examines the legal challenges being made against COVID-19 orders and looks at some of the early litigation results and emerging issues.Read More »

COVID-19 Case Investigation and Contact Tracing: Considerations for Using Digital Technologies

July 16, 2020

The COVID-19 Case Investigation and Contact Tracing: Considerations for Using Digital Technologies guide aims to orient decision-makers to the critical functionalities needed for case investigation and contact tracing, summarize the range of technology options emerging to support this work, and outline operational and privacy considerations when adopting these technologies.Read More »

Case Studies in Tick Surveillance and Tick-Borne Disease Prevention

June 01, 2020

Between 2004 and 2016, tick-borne disease cases almost doubled in the United States. This ASTHO report includes three case studies capturing how state vector-borne disease control officials have responded to specific issues relating to the public health threats posed by ticks. Given the rise in tick-borne disease, the case studies and analyses in this report may serve as a guide as states respond to similar problems in their jurisdictions.Read More »

Improving Influenza Immunization Uptake Through Community Partnerships

May 22, 2019

ASTHO, the National Hispanic Medical Association, and the Association of American Indian Physicians, led a capacity building initiative to improve influenza immunization uptake among American Indian and Hispanic communities in defined geographical locales. As part of this initiative, two community action teams were established and tasked to develop, execute, and evaluate action plans to improve influenza immunization uptake in their communities. This report summarizes the results of the initiative and the work of the community action teams.Read More »

Public Health Confronts the Mosquito: Developing Sustainable State and Local Mosquito Control Programs

May 21, 2019

Mosquito control has historically been and remains an important and basic public health function. Given the emergence of viruses such as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika in the United States and U.S. territories, the second edition of this report provides guidance to assist local, state, and territorial mosquito control programs in developing and maintaining an effective mosquito control infrastructure to meet the ongoing challenges surrounding vector-borne diseases.Read More »

National STD Trends: Key Information for Public Health Leadership

December 18, 2019

National STD Trends: Key Information for Public Health Leadership. This primer uses the most recent surveillance data to provide a quick snapshot of current STD trends and issues, and outlines steps health officials can take to articulate the need for robust STD prevention and treatment programs.Read More »

Leading Public Health Practice Though Health Informatics and Technology

July 12, 2019

ASTHO’s guidebook, Leading Public Health Practice Through Health Informatics and Technology, provides additional information on achieving bidirectional data exchange and preparing for electronic case reporting adoption and implementation.Read More »

Analysis of Express Legal Authorities for Mosquito Control in the United States, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico

October 12, 2018

This report presents findings from an analysis of ASTHO’s 2017 research on legal authorities for mosquito control, including the types of legal authority for mosquito control activities, a set of considerations for better understanding the legal authority, a summary of the findings on the express legal authorities for mosquito control found in state law, and a state-by-state summary of the express legal authority for mosquito control in the United States, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico.Read More »

Antibiotic-Resistant Gonorrhea: Communication Tools for Health Departments

August 22, 2018

These communication tools from ASTHO include key facts, talking points, and a customizable slide deck to help health departments raise awareness around antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea.Read More »

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